Warning from the Expert: If the food is not protected from these dangers, it can lead to diseases
After the earthquake, the epicenter of which was Kahramanmaraş and causing great destruction in 10 provinces, disaster relief materials began to be sent to disaster areas. The most significant issue to be considered in the preparation of these packages, especially in which basic food products are sent, is to ensure food safety. Aslı Muslu Can, Food Engineer Msc from Istanbul Gelisim University, Gelisim Vocational School, Food Technology Program warned: If the food sent to earthquake zones is not protected from physical, chemical and microbiological hazards, food-borne diseases may occur.
While search and rescue efforts continue in earthquake areas, urgently needed aid packages are sent to disaster areas. One of the most crucial points in these packages, where especially basic food products are prepared, is undoubtedly to ensure food safety. Lect. Aslı Muslu Can, a Food Engineer from Istanbul Gelişim University warned: If the food sent to earthquake zones is not protected from physical, chemical and microbiological hazards, food-borne diseases may occur.
Aid without taking necessary precautions can cause more harm
Food safety is known as the protection of food from physical, chemical and microbiological hazards. Lect. Aslı Muslu Can, a Food Engineer from Istanbul Gelisim University (IGU) Food Technology Program stated the following: “If the safety of the food products to be sent to the earthquake zone is not ensured, food-borne diseases will occur. The most common foodborne diseases are foodborne microbiological diseases. While it manifests itself in the form of abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, it sometimes causes serious health problems and even death.
Stating that it is necessary to be sensitive in aids to earthquake areas, Food Engineer Aslı Muslu Can also underlined that aid made without taking the necessary precautions can cause more harm to people in disaster areas.
Foods with a high glycemic index should not be sent!
Since the immune systems of the people in the region may weaken due to the bad conditions, earthquake victims, especially children, pregnant women and the elderly, should not consume foods with a high glycemic index. Lect. Asli Muslu Can;
Nuts instead of products such as biscuits, candy, chocolate,
Dried fruit (especially black grapes with seeds, dates, apricots and figs),
Fibrous granola bars with prebiotic properties,
Unsweetened fruit purees prepared in the form of chocolate,
If biscuits are to be sent, they must be nutritionally enriched,
It is more appropriate to send the immune-supporting propolis-honey mixtures, black elderberry-carob extract and probiotic kephir or direct probiotic.
How should the safety of the food sent to the earthquake zone be ensured?
- If a food is to be sent by applying a pre-treatment, mask, bone, gloves must be worn during the preparation phase. The preparation area must be hygienic. No contamination should be caused. The expiry dates of the raw materials used should be checked.
- Drinkable water should be used in the preparation of foods.
- The environment in which products such as sandwiches, cookies, pastries, which will be consumed without any heat treatment after being sent, are prepared must be very clean.
5. Foods past or near expiry date should not be sent.
6. Meat and vegetables should not be sent to areas without cooking facilities. Because if these products cannot be consumed, they will be subject to microbial deterioration in a short time and harm living things.
7. If meat and meat products, milk and dairy products are to be sent to the region, they must be sent by maintaining the cold chain.
8. Canned food with cracks should never be sent to earthquake victims. Especially canned food prepared at home is very dangerous in terms of food safety.
9. If milk is to be sent, UHT (Ultra-High Temperature) milk should be preferred as it has a long shelf life. Raw milk should not be sent.