When to pull out wisdom teeth?

Drawing attention to the problems caused by wisdom teeth, the third molar tooth that usually develops before the age of 25, Mouth, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Specialist Asst. Prof. Dr Özge Özdal Zincir says, "These teeth should be pulled out in case of caries, gingivitis, cystic structure due to tissue damage or disrupting the tooth alignment."

When to pull out wisdom teeth?

Stating that wisdom teeth are completely embedded, partially impacted or completely erupted third molars, Zincir says, “These fully or semi-embedded wisdom teeth cause decay, gingivitis and cyst formation in contact with neighboring teeth. As a result of the pressure they make, they can disrupt the tooth alignment. Embedded wisdom teeth are the ones that are not fully erupted and are located at the back of the jaw. There are a total of four wisdom teeth, two in the upper and two in lower jaws. Although this number is less than four in some people or one may never have wisdom teeth.”


Stating that wisdom teeth should be pulled out depending on the effect they have on neighboring teeth, Asst. Prof. Dr Özge Özdal Zincir makes the following statements:

“There is not enough space in the lower or upper jaw bone for wisdom teeth to continue growing so their mis-positioning may cause them to be partially erupted or to completely remain embedded. These teeth should be pulled out in case of decay, gingivitis, tissue damage, cystic structure on the adjacent teeth or disrupting the tooth alignment. "

Talking about the problems caused by wisdom teeth, Zincir says, “Due to their bad positions, wisdom teeth, which partially erupt to the mouth environment, hold food. This causes tooth decay and odor with the proliferation of bacteria. Since these partially erupted teeth cannot find a place properly, brushing or using dental floss is difficult. They create an environment for bacterias to enter the gum. It increases the risk of infection and causes pain and swelling in the jaw. Wisdom teeth which cannot find enough space to come out cause congestion by pushing other teeth. Cyst formation around the embedded or semi-embedded tooth is possible. "This cyst not only damages the roots of neighboring teeth over time, but also erodes the bone to which the teeth are attached."
Being a member of Istanbul Gelisim University Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ass. Prof. Dr Özge Özdal Zincir concludes her speech as follows:

“Since these teeth can also affect neighboring teeth, your dentist can decide whether healthy teeth are damaged during the examination, whether there is pain and infection, cyst or tumor formation, and whether there is a risk of infection. Due to the problems it causes, it is often necessary to remove wisdom teeth for a healthier mouth in the long term. Although they are not painful, they may have disease potential. They also create oral hygiene problems. Therefore, they can cause many different problems. Your dentist can tell you all the details during the examination and tell you whether or not the wisdom tooth should be withdrawn. "

Edited date: 05.05.2021
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